What is special about Vietnamese cashews? Particularly the cashews are grown in Binh Phuoc – when the question comes to Binh Phuoc, nearly all Vietnamese people might recall the image of cashews immediately! So, what is special about the Vietnam cashews?
First of all, the cashew tree.
Cashews are grown mainly in the Southeast region and Central Highlands in Vietnam. However, the Southeast region is the only place with the most suitable ecosystem to grow cashews.
In which, cashews are grown mostly in Binh Phuoc and Dong Nai. Manufactories and processing facilities, therefore, are chiefly located in these 2 provinces and Binh Duong
These places are all rich in Barzan red soil, which is very suitable for growing cashew trees and producing the freshest and the most high-quality cashew nuts!
Cashew nuts in Vietnam
Thanks to nature and fertile land, Vietnamese cashew nuts are always appreciated for their smoothness and firmness, as well as the aroma and the flesh. The most suitable places to grow cashews: Binh Duong and Binh Phuong have always been the leading places in providing cashews with higher quality than other areas in Cambodia or African countries!
Cashews cannot grow in many places across the world. Therefore, with the high-quality products, Vietnam has seen cashews as the main and the highly appreciated fried grain product.
Cashews in Vietnam are processed into roasted cashews with salt, as an appetizing snack with a high concentration of nutrients. Also, roasted salted skin-removed cashews and roasted salted cashews with skin remaining are the most used dried nuts for gifts.
Especially, when traveling abroad, if you want to buy a gift for an overseas Vietnamese who has not been in his country for a long time, or if you want to buy a gift for a foreign client, cashew is always a great idea. It is one of the Vietnamese specialties, as well as a highly nutritious and healthful dried nut for everyone!
Classifications of exported cashews – How many types are there?
In the present market, consumers know about cashews through 2 types: raw cashews and roasted salted cashews. However, there are more varieties of exported cashews that are distinguished by primary criteria.
What are they? Let’s discover types of cashews under the export standards based on the following classifications with VinaNuts:
For raw cashews, they are classified according to their size as different sizes of nuts will provide relatively different weights. The convention of counting nuts per pound (equivalent to 454 grams) is the shared convention of the worldwide cashew associations. Then, cashews are classified into these following groups:
- W180 Cashew: the biggest size of cashews. It is called the King size (or King of Cashew). 170 – 180 nuts/pound.
- W210 Cashew: relatively big size, named Jumbo. 200 – 210 nuts/ pound.
- W240 Cashew: medium to big size. 220 – 240 nuts/ pound.
- W320 Cashew: medium size. 300 – 320 nuts/ pound.
- W450 Cashew: small to medium size. 400 – 450 nuts/ pound.
- W500 Cashew: small size. 450 – 500 nuts/ pound
They are all denoted by the letter W (Wholes), which means the whole nut is not broken into pieces. For Binh Phuoc cashews, they are w240, w320, w450 cashews.
The nut inside is untouched by WW240 and WW320.
During the production process, cashews are not always able to keep their original shape, which means there are certain breakages during roasting. Therefore, cashews are classified by their shapes, or how many breakages they have after being roasted. We will have the following letters as the denotation in this type of cashew classifying.
- W (Whole) means a cashew still maintains its shape as a whole.
- S (Splits) means a cashew split into 2
- B (Butts) means a cashew butt into 3
- P (Pieces) means a cashew break into pieces
- LWP (Large White Pieces) means a cashew break into relatively large white pieces
- SWP (Small White Pieces) means a cashew break into small white pieces
- BB (Baby Bits) means a cashew break into baby bits
- WS means a cashew break into 2 pieces
- A cashew break into 2 pieces – a broken cashew
- A cashew break into 2 pieces – a broken cashew
After the roasting process, if a cashew loses its aestheticism due to light brown spots, worms, and unsightly white yellow, it is denoted as D.
Sizes and shapes are not the only criteria to classify cashew nuts, but colors. The main reason is that cashew nuts after experiencing roasting and drying can maintain their white color, or turn yellow.
The more yellow a cashew gets, the more dryness and less humidity it is. So, in different cashew nuts, we will see the letter W (White) or S (Scorched) as the denotations.
Exported cashew nuts are classified according to the 3 criteria as above through the vibrating sieving machines and manual sorting to be high-quality raw cashews or roasted salted ones, meeting the export standards of dissimilar markets.
Health benefits of cashews
Cashews bring many benefits to human health when they are eaten as a main course or a snack after dinner.
Cashews contain minerals that are healthful for us, like Magnesium and Lead. The combination and adjustment of calcium help with harden bones, strong teeth, nerves, creating protein and energy. Iron in cashews will maintain the vitality of blood cells, hair, skin, and nails. In addition, it helps in wound healing by producing blood and detoxifying the body.
Reducing bad cholesterol (LDL)
Cashew nuts contain many beneficial fats like omega fatty acids and unsaturated fat like oleic acid. Cashew nuts bring a lot of health benefits without harming the body. Therefore, when we eat cashew nuts, we are provided with good lipids which help reduce bad cholesterol.
Adjusting blood pressure and bringing good effects to the cardiovascular system
Cashew nuts help to adjust blood pressure by the amount of Sodium and kalium inherent in a cashew nut, excepting the roasted salted cashew one. The unsaturated fat and omega fatty acids not only diminish the bad cholesterol in our body but reduce the concentration of triglycerides in blood vessels, thereby maintaining the healthy state of the cardiovascular system.
The concentration of Copper in a cashew nut plays an important role in the activity of enzymes, producing hormones, promoting brain function, producing red blood cells, and preventing the body from anemia.
Boosting muscle strength, hardening bone
Due to the rich content of protein in a cashew nut, it provides good plant-based protein to our body, especially to the vegans, or those who are in their diet. Because it contains magnesium, cashew nuts help harden bones by regulating the amount of calcium absorbed into the body and strengthening muscles and the brain by providing protein.
Prevent and control diabetes
Cashew nuts are found to have the ability to lower blood sugar. A diet with low-Gi foods can not only control diabetes but also prevent our body from type 2 diabetes, thanks to the amount of magnesium in cashews.
Reducing the risk of cancer, slowing down the aging process
Cashew also provides antioxidants like selenium, vitamin E, which help slow down the aging process and reduce the risk of cancer.
Cashews have anacardic acids which are certified by science to be effective in killing bacteria that cause tooth decay.
Noting when using cashew nuts
Cashews provide minerals to pregnant women and people who are exhausted due to brain work. Cashews are known to be a food source that is rich in protein, fiber, it helps in weight loss.
Cashew nuts have many benefits to our health, however, it is best not to misuse them, or overeat them in our daily diet, as well as consume moldy and burnt cashews which are harmful to our body.